On the control exercised by the European Court of Human Rights over application of the Hague Convention by national courts.

The ECHR, in an order dated 10 October 2019 (LACOMBE C. France) considered that the French courts examined all the documents submitted to the proceedings concerning the existence or otherwise of a grave risk in returning the child, pursuant to Article 13b of the Convention, and that consequently the decision to return the child has not breached Article 8 of the European Convention on Human Rights to a normal, private family life.